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Zhihui Tu, Lei Guo, Huan Pan, Jian Lu, Chen Xu, Yuru Zou, Multitemporal image cloud removal using group sparsity and nonconvex low-rank approximation

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DOI: 10.23952/jnva.7.2023.4.05

Volume 7, Issue 4, 1 August 2023, Pages 527-548


Abstract. Remote sensing (RS) images are widely used in environmental monitoring, urban planning, and land surface classification. However, RS images are often polluted by cloud, which leads to the loss of some important information of RS images and hinders the development of relevant applications. The existing spatial-spectral total-variational regularization can only promote the spatial-spectral continuity of cloud component, but cannot maintain the shared group sparse mode of spatial difference images of different spectral bands. To solve this problem, we add the weighted \ell_{2,1}-norm to constrain the cloud component differential images, and use the nonconvex regularization term, namely the weighted nuclear norm, to replace the traditional nuclear norm, which solves the problem that the original nuclear norm violates the larger singular value. In summary, we propose a multitemporal image cloud removal model based on the weighted nuclear norm which is the nonconvex low-rank approximation and the group sparsity regularization (WNGS), where the group sparsity regularization and the weighted nuclear norm promote each other. The resulting problems are solved using the alternating direction method of multipliers. Numerical experiments both simulated and real multitemporal images demonstrate that the proposed method is superior to other advanced cloud-removal methods in different cloud-removal scenarios.


How to Cite this Article:
Z. Tu, L. Guo, H. Pan, J. Lu, C. Xu, Y. Zou, Multitemporal image cloud removal using group sparsity and nonconvex low-rank approximation, J. Nonlinear Var. Anal. 7 (2023), 527-548.